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物联网技术的优缺点

  《洞云书屋》每周五介绍适用于中小企业物联网创新技术。

  "dy_book" introduces the innovative internet of things technologies applied for SME every Friday.

  (注:本文是译文,original text from https://internet-of-things-innovation.com)

  IoT technology is quickly becoming an essential part of building smarter buildings, which offer improved energy efficiency, convenience, security and plenty of automation. This emerging technology is here to stay and presents opportunities for smart cities, communication service providers, and enterprises. But how is IoT changing things for the better and what should business leaders be concerned about? According to survey by Capgemini, 96% of business leaders said they will invest in IoT in the next three years. When considering how to incorporate IoT technology into your own business, consider the following advantages and disadvantages:

  物联网技术正迅速成为建设智能建筑的重要组成部分,它提供了更高的能源效率、便利性、安全性和自动化程度。这种新兴技术将为智能城市、通信服务提供商和企业提供机会。但是物联网如何更好地改变事物,商业领袖应该关注什么呢?根据调查显示,96%的企业领袖表示他们将在未来三年在物联网进行投资。在考虑如何将物联网技术纳入你自己的业务时,要考虑以下优缺点:

  Advantages优势

  1. Data: Data has reigned king for several years now and as IoT comes to dominate every aspect of our lives, data will become ever more powerful. By 2020, it is predicted every person will create about 1.7 megabytes of new information every second. Much of this data will go unanalyzed and left to waste. To bank on the data explosion, businesses need to consider how to aggregate, anonymize and sell data and the insights incurred to create new devices, applications or services. Nest, for example, uses the data collected from its Learning Thermostat to consult energy companies on utilities management.

  1、数据:数据已经统治了好几年,随着物联网主宰我们生活的方方面面,数据将变得更加强大。到2020,预测每个人每秒将创造大约1.7兆的新信息。这些数据将被分析并留下垃圾。

  银行在数据爆炸,企业需要考虑如何汇总,匿名和销售数据用来创建新设备的见解,应用程序或服务。例如,Nest利用其学习恒温器收集的数据来咨询能源公司的公用事业管理。

  2. Tracking/Monitoring: Leading-edge IoT solutions are key to the evolution of network-based connected device management and make monitoring devices easier which enable success of connected car ecosystems, smart homes, health and living, smart cities, meters, utilities by being able to maintain device quality and security.

  2、跟踪/监控:前沿的物联网解决方案是网络连接设备管理演进的关键,使监控设备更容易,从而使连接的汽车生态系统、智能家居、健康和生活、智能城市、仪表和公用事业成功地保持设备的质量和安全性。

  3. Revenue: The limitless opportunity to monetize IoT comes not solely from developing specific applications or devices; rather it comes from innovating off-shoot applications, devices and services. These add on developments aim to support or enhance the initial product, and can spur new or additional revenue streams.

  3、收入:将物联网的无限机会不单单从开发特定的应用程序或设备;而是来自创新应用的设备和服务。这些附加的发展旨在支持或提高初始产品,并能刺激新的或额外的收入来源。

  Disadvantages缺点

  1. Compatibility: To make the most of IoT technology adoption among businesses, leaders have to consider how best to incorporate emerging IoT architecture with existing IT framework. First, they must decide which business processes would benefit most from the addition of IoT technology and assemble the needed infrastructure to start applying IoT technology to those areas, ensuring that data collection is secure, efficient and helpful.

  1、兼容性:为了充分利用物联网技术在企业中的应用,领导者必须考虑如何最好地将现有的IT框架与新兴的物联网架构结合起来。首先,他们必须决定哪些业务流程将受益于物联网技术的增加和组装所需的基础设施,开始应用物联网技术在这些领域,确保数据收集是安全的,高效的和有帮助的。

  2. Complexity: With so many platforms available, businesses face a challenge when attempting to choose the right one. Open source software, turnkey Internet of Things platforms and cloud solutions from major providers are all in the mix, and each system has its pros and cons. Leaders need to take into consideration each platform and analyze if one will ultimately enrich or hurt their business model(s).

  2、复杂性:有如此多的平台可供选择,企业在选择合适的平台时面临着挑战。开源软件、交钥匙物联网平台和来自主要提供商的云解决方案都是混合的,每个系统都有它的优点和缺点。领导者需要考虑每一个平台,分析是否最终会丰富或损害他们的商业模式。

  3. Security/Safety: By 2020, there will be 50 billion “things” connected to the Internet, representing profits and cost savings of $19 trillion. However, IoT technology also presents new security vulnerabilities for computer hackers to exploit. Possible security issues that come with enhancements in the Internet of Things include manipulation of vital data, for example, remote patient monitoring IoT applications or smart car automated driver functions, hijacking of user accounts, phishing attacks, malware issues, and cyber ransom.

  3、安全:到2020,将有500亿个“物”连接到互联网,利润和成本节约19万亿美元。然而,物联网技术也为计算机黑客提供了新的安全漏洞。随着物联网的增强,可能出现的安全问题包括对重要数据的操纵,例如,远程病人监控物联网应用程序或智能汽车自动驾驶功能、劫持用户帐户、钓鱼攻击、恶意软件问题和网络勒索。

  Ultimately, IoT technology will offer more value to consumers and achieve new efficiency and business growth for companies. However, before any value is created, business leaders need to address major compatibility, complexity, and security challenges that such growth will come with.

  物联网技术将最终为消费者提供更多的价值,并为公司实现新的效率和业务增长。然而,在创建任何价值之前,业务领导者需要解决这种增长将带来的主要兼容性、复杂性和安全挑战。

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